Eight Advantageous Resources
7. Environment (soft & hard)
In the five years after 2005, "five 10-billion projects" will be carried out as the main driving force, with the focus on building up an economically strong Zhejiang through the "10-billion infrastructures" project, a digital Zhejiang through the "10-billion informatization" project, a strong Zhejiang in science, education and culture through the "10-billion science, education, culture, health and sports" project, a green Zhejiang through the "10-billion ecological environment" project, and a Zhejiang of well-coordinated regional development through the project of "10-billion to assist the poor to become affluent". For each project, at least 10 billion RMB will be invested annually and the total investment into the "five 10-billion" projects is to reach over 30 billion RMB. After the completion of the "five 10-billion" projects, Zhejiang will have a brand new look in each aspect: the overall situation of infrastructure will change from "basically relieved" to "basically met", or to "satisfactory met" in certain areas, creating first-class investment and living environments.
By the end of 2007, railway networks will have covered the whole province, with over 75% coverage of expressways in the counties and cities. Supplemented by power procurement from outside the province, generally there will be no more"power cuts" in the power supply. 10 million fixed line telephone networks, 8.10 million mobile phone network, over-400G transmission network and 4 million broadband network will be established so that comprehensive portal websites of the governments at three levels—province, city and county—will be basically formed, shaping a framework of "e-government administration". 200 hi-tech R&D centers at national and provincial levels and 100 key laboratories will be set up to construct the nationally leading systems of regional innovation, education and culture. We will protect and construct over 30 million Mu of ecological forests, ecological economic forests, ecological forests and forest parks. 10 thousand kilometers of backbone river courses will have "smooth rivers and clear water" after being harnessed. Urban sewage and waste disposal rate will reach 58% and 92% respectively, and the public green land per capita will rise to 8 square meters.
By updating the administrative examination & approval system as a breakthrough, Zhejiang is exerting itself to perfect the management of social affairs and public service functions so as to create a better soft environment for development. Measures such as providing one-stop service, a single-window service interface, parallel and online examination & approval as well as non-governmental investment project registration and archives, informed commitment system and complaint centers have been put in place. All of these have greatly shortened the time spent on examination & approval, bringing convenience to the general public.
8. Human Culture
One outstanding characteristic of Zhejiang's culture is the strong beat of its economic pulse. In line with "prosperity in Qiantang since ancient times" and represented by the Yongjia academic school in Wenzhou, the mindset of "equal focus on morality and profits, and on industry and commerce as foundations" began to take root in the feudal society, becoming a peculiar feature of Chinese culture and deeply affecting Zhejiang people's ideological concepts and behavioral patterns. Another characteristic of Zhejiang culture lies in the traditional creativity that draws on strengths of both the inland culture and ocean culture. It also mingles the essence of Wuyue culture and culture in the central plains of China, reflecting the exchanges between Chinese culture and western culture and forming a peculiar division in the Confucian culture.
Most distinctive in "Zhejiang spirit" is the enterprising spirit, featuring "Constant striving, perseverence, innovation and pragmatism", which a vivid portrait of Zhejiang people. They believed in "no business too small" in the era of planned economy. During that era, large groups of Zhejiang people left Zhejiang for different places over the country, where they were engaged in the jobs for which the locals would show contempt. Now, a number of them have worked their way to entrepreneurs of non-governmental enterprises whose market values exceed a hundred million RMB. Back at that time, they were collecting waste for recycling, fluffing cotton with a bow, repairing shoes and forging irons, etc. However, they had never regarded such laboring as a shame. Instead, they managed to grasp every opportunity and accumulated precious experience for their later undertakings. Nowadays, many entrepreneurs with great achievements in Zhejiang are still practicing the virtues of diligence and thrift formed when they started their businesses. This is an important reason why the economy in Zhejiang enjoys such sustainable, quick and benign development.
Among China's cultural celebrities, there are over one thousand persons of Zhejiang origin, which accounts for 1/6 of the nation's total. Since the establishment of the People's Republic of China, those with Zhejiang origin have accounted for nearly 1/5 of the academicians in theAcademy of Sciences and the Academy of Enginerring. Since the implementation of the reform and open-door policy, Zhejiang people have been well known pathbreakers to the four corners of the earth. People in different sectors from Zhejiang can be found all over China and the world.